There is no substitute for adequate planning and adequate safety awareness in both plant and
laboratory. If the employees believe that management strictly enforces safety procedures,
enforces periodic strict checks of safety equipment and supplements training with outside experts, employees will follow the pattern set.
It is the responsibility of management to procure and disseminate information about products and procedures in the plant.
It is the responsibility of management to draw up, distribute and rehearse an emergency evacuation plan. Every worker must know exactly what is expected of him and where he is to be in the event an emergency. Such a plan must be drawn up well in advance of any such emergency, and rehearsed until it is second nature.
It is the responsibility of management to ensure that safety clinics and seminars are planned and conducted.
A professionally planned and in-depth training program is a priority in aerosol manufacturing. The following is a list of priorities that need to be followed in this type of a program.
1. Life Safety
2. Health Safety
3. Environmental Safety
4. Property Safety
The objective should be safe handling of aerosol propellants and concentrates by assisting personnel to understand the value and investment in safety as it relates to life, health, environment and property. A frequent
walk-through audit with the plant engineer provides aerosol manufacturers with an overview of the concerns regarding safety in each facility. Those concerns
can be divided into two separate categories. The first category encompasses
Functional Items which are under the control of the plant operator and staff and normally do not require heavy capital expenditures.
Typical Functional Items are:
Start-up, shut-down and operational procedures;
Proper preventive maintenance;
Proper safe-handling techniques;
Proper monitoring procedures for the emissions of vapors into the environment;
Proper control and handling of defective and reject aerosols;
Proper storage and warehousing of raw materials and finished goods;
Observation of safety practices.
Functional concerns often are easily corrected by establishing a proper training program accompanied by
up-to-date policies and procedures. Functional concerns involve the laboratory, the compounding area, the water bath area, the propellant charging and pump rooms and the tank farm, including storage of both liquid and compressed gases as well as storage and warehousing.
The second area involves Capital Items which are the features installed to properly control the environment of the manufacturing operation including major safety features.
Typical Capital Items are:
Gas detection in all critical locations;
Explosion suppression systems in the propellant charging and pump rooms;
Properly installed deflagration venting;
Automatic shut-down systems and safety devices at the tank farm including gas detection, water deluge systems and automatic
Adequate sprinkler systems in the propellant charging and pump room, production facility and the warehouse;
Properly rated electrical equipment, motors, wiring and material handling equipment;
Properly controlled safety interlocks for the propellant charging and pump rooms, tank farm and production facility;
Proper propellant charging and pump room construction.
Safety is Contagious
Prevented through Proper Training